lf graphite electrode
Characteristics of lf graphite electrode material
1. The CNC processing speed is fast, the cutting performance is high, and the edge is easy to cut. The processing speed of graphite is 3-5 times faster than that of the copper lf graphite electrode. The finishing speed is particularly outstanding, and the intensity is also high. For ultra-high (50-90mm) and ultra-thin (0.2-0.5mm) lf graphite electrode, it is not easy to deform during processing. And in many cases, the product needs to have a good particle surface effect, which requires that the entire LF graphite electrode is made as much as possible when making the LF graphite electrode, and there are various invisible cleaning angles when making the entire LF graphite electrode.
Due to the characteristics of graphite, this problem is easy to solve. The number of lf graphite electrodes is greatly reduced, but the copper lf graphite electrode cannot.
2. Light weight and low cost. In the manufacturing cost of a set of molds, the CNC machining time, EDM machining time and lf graphite electrode loss of the lf graphite electrode account for most of the total cost, which is determined by the lf graphite electrode material itself . Compared with copper, the processing speed and EDM processing speed of graphite is 3-5 times that of copper. At the same time, it has the characteristics of low wear and the manufacture of all-anode lf graphite electrodes can reduce the number of lf graphite electrodes, and can also reduce the consumption and processing time of lf graphite electrodes. These can greatly reduce the production cost of the mold.
3. Rapid EDM forming, small thermal expansion, low loss. Because graphite has better electrical conductivity than copper, its discharge speed is 3-5 times faster than copper. Moreover, it can withstand a larger current when discharging, which is more conducive to rough machining. At the same time, under the same volume, the weight of graphite is 1/5 of copper, which greatly reduces the load of EDM. It has great advantages in the production of large-scale lf graphite electrodes and overall positive lf graphite electrodes.
The sublimation temperature of graphite is 4200°C, which is 3 to 4 times that of copper (the sublimation temperature of copper is 1100°C). Under high temperature, the deformation is very small (under the same electrical conditions, 1/3~1/5 of copper) and does not soften. It can efficiently and cheaply transfer the discharge energy to the workpiece. With the increase of the strength of graphite at high temperature, the discharge loss can be effectively reduced (graphite loss is 1/4 of copper) and the processing quality can be guaranteed. In recent years, with the introduction of precision molds and high-efficiency molds (the mold cycle is getting shorter and shorter), people have put forward higher and higher requirements for mold manufacturing. Due to the limitations of various conditions of the copper lf graphite electrode itself, it has become increasingly unable to meet the development requirements of the mold industry. Graphite, as a material for EDM lf graphite electrode, has the advantages of strong cutting ability, light weight, fast forming, low expansion rate, low loss, and easy dressing. It has been widely used in the mold industry. It is inevitable to replace the copper lf graphite electrode.